Drivers for student academic dishonesty at a midsize university in Alberta, Canada: faculty and student perspectives (2023)


  • Oluwagbohunmi AwosogaCollege of Health Sciences (General), University of Lethbridge, 4401 University Drive West, Markin Hall M3059, Lethbridge, AB T1K 3M4, Canada
  • Stephanie Varsanyiuniversity of lethbridge
  • Christina NordDepartment of Psychology, SA8394, Science & Academic Building, University of Lethbridge, 4401 University Drive West, Lethbridge, AB T1K 3M4, Canada
  • Randall BarleyDepartment of Biological Sciences, SA9202, Science & Academic Building, University of Lethbridge, 4401 University Drive West, Lethbridge, AB T1K 3M4, Canada
  • Jeff MeadowsUniversity of Lethbridge Learning Center, L1126 (LINC Building (Library), 4401 University Drive West, Lethbridge, AB T1K 3M4, Canada

Key words:

Canada, Alberta, Focus Group Interviews, Thematic Analysis, Student Perspectives, Faculty Perspectives, Motivation, Academic Misconduct


Academic misconduct describes a complex set of behaviors with many reported motivating factors. However, most of the research investigating the motivating factors behind academic misconduct has been conducted on American college students. To assess academic misconduct at our midsize university in Alberta, Canada, we conducted focus groups with students and faculty to further explore the motivational factors underlying academic misconduct. A thematic analysis of the interview responses was carried out, in which two thematic categories of motivations emerged: dispositional (or psychological) factors and situational (or contextual) factors. Participating students and faculty reported a variety of motivating factors for academic misconduct, including but not limited to dispositional aspects such as attitudes toward academic misconduct or lack of understanding, as well as contextual factors such as doing a full course load and problems relatives. pressure. However, unlike their American counterparts, our participants did not discuss the impact that their peers have on the motivation of academic misconduct. We add our results to the growing body of research that focuses on identifying and analyzing Canadian trends in academic misconduct research.


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What are the factors that influence academic dishonesty among college students? ›

Common Reasons Students Cheat
  • Poor Time Management. ...
  • Stress/Overload. ...
  • Wanting to Help Friends. ...
  • Fear of Failure. ...
  • "Everyone Does it" Phenomenon. ...
  • Temptation Due to Unmonitored Environments or Weak Assignment Design. ...
  • Different Understanding of Academic Integrity Policies.

What is an example of a student exhibiting academic dishonesty due to performance concerns? ›

Copying from another student during an examination or allowing another to copy your work. Unauthorized collaboration on a take home assignment or examination. Using notes during a closed book examination. Taking an examination for another student, or asking or allowing another student to take an examination for you.

What are the 5 possible consequences for academic dishonesty? ›

Possible sanctions include:
  • Resubmission of work without penalty;
  • Resubmission of work with penalty;
  • Warning letter/written reprimand;
  • Failing grade (F) for assignment/exam/test or course;
  • Disciplinary probation;
  • Suspension from attendance in a course, a program, a faculty, or the university;
  • Permanent expulsion;

Why do colleges universities view academic dishonesty as such a big issue? ›

Left unchecked, academic dishonesty can damage the culture of integrity that colleges and universities seek to promote, and it can even undermine the value of a degree from a given institution. Not surprisingly, much attention has been paid to how to combat academic dishonesty.

What are 3 consequences for academic dishonesty? ›

Answer: The consequences of academic dishonesty can be far-reaching. You could fail a class, be dismissed from your major, or even be expelled from your school. The severity of the consequences depends upon the type of academic dishonesty.

What are the three common forms of academic dishonesty? ›

Academic Dishonesty Defined
  • Cheating.
  • Plagiarism.
  • Fabrication or falsification.
  • Sabotage.

What is the ultimate potential consequence of academic dishonesty at the university? ›

Legal consequences

If students cheat, plagiarize, falsify or fabricate data in such projects, sponsors can take formal actions against the university. These actions could include fines, loss of future projects to the university or lawsuits.

What are the two most common forms of academic dishonesty? ›

Academic misconduct includes (but is not limited to): Plagiarism. Cheating.

What are 2 examples of violations of the student code of academic integrity? ›

Giving unauthorized assistance to another student taking an exam. Having someone other than the student write his or her paper. Plagiarizing, or representing someone else's written work as one's own without acknowledgment or with insufficient, or improper acknowledgment.

Can you get kicked out of college for academic dishonesty? ›

Colleges set academic integrity policies that include expulsion as a disciplinary action. For example, serious cases of plagiarism or cheating may result in expulsion. So can falsifying documents. After the 2019 college admissions scandal, for example, multiple universities expelled students linked to it.

What are three consequences that a professor might enforce if you engage in academic dishonesty? ›

Academic consequences within a class or research project

Such action may include: requiring the student to redo the assignment for a reduced grade. assigning the student a failing grade for the assignment. assigning the student a failing grade for the class.

What are four violations of academic integrity? ›

Copying word for word without proper attribution. Paraphrasing without proper attribution. Using phrases from another source embedded into original material without proper attribution. Copying of intellectual property without proper attribution.

How do you fight academic dishonesty? ›

Schedule an appointment with the instructor involved in the subject of your misconduct accusation. Take this time to constructively discuss what occurred and explain your side. Bring witnesses or supporting documentation with you to support your claim of innocence.

How do you disprove academic dishonesty? ›

That's why we're providing these 5 basic tips for students accused of online academic misconduct.
  1. Do not respond to the charges without consulting a lawyer. ...
  2. Hire a student defense lawyer. ...
  3. Take a look at your school's Code of Conduct. ...
  4. Document the alleged incident of academic dishonesty. ...
  5. Keep your case to yourself.
Nov 21, 2022

What is the difference between academic dishonesty and cheating? ›

Jensen et al. (2001) also defines academic dishonesty as students' attempt to present others' academic work as their own. Academic cheating has two forms, which is cheating behavior such as copying answers of others and plagiarizing behavior such as citing without including the correct source.

What are 2 consequences for violating academic integrity? ›

A student who is in violation of the academic integrity policy may receive a lower grade or a failing grade as an academic sanction. A student may also receive a conduct warning, conduct probation, conduct suspension, or an XF symbol on his/her transcript as a conduct sanction.

What happens if an instructor believes a student has committed academic misconduct? ›

Allegations of Misconduct

If your instructor believes that an offence has occurred, they are required to forward the matter to the department Chair (or Chair's designate). Your instructor is not authorized to impose a penalty.

What is academic dishonesty in simple words? ›

Academic dishonesty is defined as a student's use of unauthorized assistance with intent to deceive an instructor or other such person who may be assigned to evaluate the student's work in meeting course and degree requirements.

What is the conclusion of academic dishonesty? ›

Conclusion. Academic dishonesty relates to the violation of integrity rules, usually to achieve better academic results.

What are the eight examples of academic dishonesty listed in the section on academic integrity? ›

Types of Academic Dishonesty
  • Cheating;
  • Bribery;
  • Misrepresentation;
  • Conspiracy;
  • Fabrication;
  • Collusion;
  • Duplicate Submission;
  • Academic Misconduct;
May 20, 2022

Does academic misconduct show up on transcript? ›

Possible sanctions for academic integrity cases include: written warning, educational projects, disciplinary probation, suspension, dismissal, or (in very rare cases) revocation of degree. How will this appear on my transcript? The only sanctions that appear on transcripts are Suspensions and Dismissal.

How does academic dishonesty undermine the purpose of education? ›

Academic dishonesty, including such practices as cheating, plagiarism and fabrication, undermines the learning experience, and, as it involves fraud and deceit, is corrosive of the intellectual principles and is inconsistent with the ethical standards of this university.

What is a sanction for a student who committed dishonesty? ›

Examples of academic sanctions for academic misconduct include receiving a failing grade or other grade penalty for the course. Examples of educational sanctions include requiring a student to complete the Academic Integrity Education Program.

Which practice is not acceptable in academic integrity? ›

Actions that support illegal contract cheating services are also considered breaches of academic integrity. This includes students uploading teaching materials such as practice exams, lecture slides and assignment questions to 'study notes'.

How do colleges look at academic dishonesty? ›

Your application could easily be rejected on the grounds of dishonesty alone. If you've already been accepted to a college, your acceptance could be rescinded after the fact. College admissions offices sometimes share information, so lying to one school could have consequences for your other applications as well.

What are examples of facilitating academic dishonesty? ›

You facilitate academic dishonesty when you:
  • allow another student to copy your work or the work of another person;
  • have another person take an exam or complete an assignment for oneself;
  • take an exam or complete an assignment for another student;
Feb 28, 2023

What happens if you get flagged for academic integrity? ›

Can I be suspended or dismissed for academic integrity violations? Your instructor may recommend dismissal in the case of a serious infraction but that decision can only be made by the Student Committee on Student Discipline. Repeated violations of the academic integrity policy may lead to suspension or dismissal.

What are among the most common student conduct violations? ›

Some of the most common Code of Conduct violations include alcohol related misconduct, disorderly conduct, and misuse of identification.

What is an example of a behavior that violates academic integrity choose all that apply? ›

Cheating on an academic evaluation or assignment. Plagiarizing. Academic deceit, such as fabricating data, information or documentation. Aiding others in committing integrity violations and inappropriately collaborating.

Is academic dishonesty serious? ›

As an academic or professional, plagiarizing seriously damages your reputation. You might also lose your research funding or your job, and you could even face legal consequences for copyright infringement.

Can you go back to college after getting kicked out? ›

Things You Should Know

Re-enroll in the college you were dismissed from after your dismissal period has passed. You may need to reapply. Apply to a new school if you want a change. Every college will accept previously-dismissed students, so don't sell yourself short.

Is academic dishonesty a criminal offense? ›

Yes, the school may pursue criminal charges based on the accusation of academic dishonesty. When bribery or fraud is in play, criminal prosecution is possible. Paying for a grade leads to defrauding the school as students did not earn the grade through their academic merit.

What are two examples of academic dishonesty that need to be avoided? ›

Copying from another student during an examination or allowing another to copy your work. Unauthorized collaboration on a take home assignment or examination. Using notes during a closed book examination. Taking an examination for another student, or asking or allowing another student to take an examination for you.

What are the three root causes of academic dishonesty? ›

Common Reasons Students Cheat
  • Poor Time Management. ...
  • Stress/Overload. ...
  • Wanting to Help Friends. ...
  • Fear of Failure. ...
  • "Everyone Does it" Phenomenon. ...
  • Temptation Due to Unmonitored Environments or Weak Assignment Design. ...
  • Different Understanding of Academic Integrity Policies.

What disciplinary action can be taken for academic dishonesty? ›

Sanctions for academic dishonesty or misconduct may include but are not limited to: Requiring the student to resubmit the assignment. A lower or failing grade on the assignment, exam, or in the course; Removal from the course.

Which is considered to be a serious breach of academic integrity? ›

Contract Cheating Response

Although you feel that the "risk is worth it", when you submit a graded assignment completed by someone else, it is considered to be contract cheating, a serious breach of academic integrity.

What are the 5 main academic integrity values? ›

The Center for Academic Integrity (CAI) defines academic integrity as a commit- ment, even in the face of adversity, to five fundamental values: honesty, trust, fairness, respect, and responsibility.

How do I write an appeal letter for academic misconduct? ›

Share what factors beyond your control contributed to your academic situation. Describe how these factors had a direct impact on your academic performance. Be as specific as possible. Provide any evidence that you were doing well until the circumstances occurred.

What is the most common form of academic dishonesty? ›

Cheating. The most common form of cheating is looking at someone else's work during an exam or test, but it can also involve most of the other types of misconduct listed here.

How do you write a response to academic misconduct example? ›

I, (insert name), studying a (insert name of your course), received an allegation of student misconduct which I would like to (disagree with and explain the situation or admit and explain the circumstances leading to the student misconduct allegation). Provide the Committee with some information about yourself.

What to do if a professor falsely accuses you of cheating? ›

What to do if you are accused of cheating
  1. Don't panic. When you read the letter, you will be distraught and will want to act immediately. ...
  2. Seek help. ...
  3. Think evidence. ...
  4. Think tactics. ...
  5. Write your statement. ...
  6. Prepare for interview/hearing. ...
  7. Hearing. ...
  8. Consider appeal.
May 31, 2019

What are the three main causes of cheating? ›

Here, are nine of the most common reasons why people cheat.
  • Lack of Emotional Connection. ...
  • Lack of Sexual Connection. ...
  • Bad Boundaries With People Outside the Relationship. ...
  • Fighting Unfairly. ...
  • Making Assumptions About Your Relationship Status. ...
  • Unresolved Childhood Issues. ...
  • Sex Addiction. ...
  • Addiction.
Aug 29, 2022

How can teachers find out if you are plagiarizing? ›

Some professors use plagiarism checkers like Turnitin. Others might pull up a search engine and search for commonly used words and phrases in your paper. Some may look to see the check-lists found on academic databases.

What are the social factors in academic dishonesty? ›

The social factors suggest that dishonest and cheating behavior can be the results of two factors: social norms and social trust. On the other hand, the fraud triangle model suggests that cheating behavior can be the result of three factors: pressure, opportunities, and rationalization.

What are the factors of academic dishonesty in online learning? ›

AD, as any type of fraudulent academic behaviour, typically includes actions such as plagiarism, cheating, falsification, improper collaboration and homework copying (Lambert et al., 2003).

What are the most common academic dishonesty? ›

Plagiarism is the most common type of academic dishonesty, and also the easiest type to commit on accident!

What are some ways students can avoid academic dishonesty? ›

What Actions Can You Take to Avoid Academic Dishonesty?
  • Start your assignments early and stay on track with due dates.
  • Ask for help from your professor.
  • Take careful notes as you do your research and organize your sources.
  • Work with a Librarian or the Writing Center to integrate and cite your sources and avoid plagiarism.
Jan 19, 2023

What are the indicators of academic dishonesty? ›

These behaviors include using notes on a test, copying on a test or an assignment, improperly citing sources or not citing sources at all, unauthorized collaboration, and fraudulent excuse making.

What are the social factors that affect students academic performance? ›

Students' academic performance is influenced by social factors. These factors include romantic relationships, student cults, membership in clubs and organizations, and sports. Sampling via mid-point square approach was used to compare social variables with the students' CGPA.

What behaviors violate academic integrity? ›

Cheating: Using or attempting to use unauthorized assistance, information or study aids in any academic exercise. Copying answers from or looking at another student's exam. Accessing or possessing any material not expressly permitted during an exam, such as crib sheets, notes, books.

What are the most common forms of cheating in the classroom and in the clinical area? ›

Their most common forms of cheating in the classroom were plagiarism and the reuse of former students' materials (Kreuger, 2014). In the clinical setting, the most common forms were violating patient confidentiality and not rectifying errors in practice, like breaking sterile techniques (Krueger, 2014).

What are 2 ramifications of academic dishonesty? ›

These actions could include fines, loss of future projects to the university or lawsuits. Such actions have serious consequences, as they not only ruin the reputation of the university, but also result in loss of opportunities for other students in the future.

What is the most serious academic misconduct? ›

Contract cheating or commissioning is the most serious form of academic misconduct and involves you getting someone else to do your work for you and submitting it as your own. It can involve the use of 'essay mills' where unscrupulous companies take money from learners to write assignments.


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